What is Autism?

Autism is a lifelong developmental disability that affects how a person communicates and relates to other people around them.

They see, hear, and feel the world differently from other people.
It’s not an illness or disease but for now, it has no cure.
Statistically, it is said that 1 in 100 persons are autistic.

Autism is a spectrum of conditions affecting different people differently.
It is also observed that it affects male than female.

Signs and Symptoms of Autism.

Difficulty in Social Communication:

  • Some people who are autistic usually have difficulty understanding some languages, body or facial expressions, the tone of voice, jokes, and sarcasm.
  • Some may understand language and think people always mean what exactly they say.
  • Some may not speak or have fair limitations of speech.
  • Some understand more of what others say to them than they express.
  • Some prefer to use alternative means of communication (sign language or visual support).
  • Some may have good language skills but find it difficult to understand the expectations of others in the conversation.
  • They may repeat what the other person has just said (Echolalia).

It’s adviced that one speaks in a clear, consistent way and give autistic people time to process what has been said.

Difficulty in Social Interaction:

  • They also have difficulty reading, recognizing and understanding other people’s feelings and intentions.
  • This makes appear as insensitive to others.
  • They also have difficulties expressing their own emotions.
  • They also seem to retreat into isolation or always want to be left alone when overloaded by many people around them.
    They do not seek comfort from other people.
  • Other people around them or student may say they behave inappropriately or strangely.
  • Some may want to interact with other people but may not know how to go about it.
  • They also have poor eye contact.

Repetitive Behaviour and Routines

  • Autistic people tend to be comfortable with routines and repetition of patterns like :
    Going to the same directions to the school.
    Eating the same breakfast.
    Sleeping and waking up same time.
  • This makes them uncomfortable with the idea of change.
  • They are also highly focused people when they have found their area of interest which is usually limited. Example Art, Pictures, Reading etc.

Sensory Insensitivity

They are usually; very under sensitive or over sensitive to sound or light that others overlook. This makes them anxious and nervous. They may react in different ways to this sensitivity in screaming, crying etc

Causes of Autism

Research has shown that there is no known cause of Autism though it seems to run in some families but the particular gene implicated in autism is not known.

Though it is seen to be due to abnormalities in function and/or structure of the brain.
Studies are still been done to link if vaccines are causes Autism
Also, it may be linked to hard substance taken during pregnancy.


Is confirmed by a paediatrician,  psychologist,  psychiatrist, speech and language therapist.
Early diagnosis helps people around the spheres of the autistic understand how and why they do these things they do and how they can help.

Prevention of Autism

Even though the causes are not known, it’s advised that mother take extra care during pregnancy

  • Live healthy.
  • Have regular check-ups, eat well-balanced meals, and exercise. Make sure you have good prenatal care, and take all recommended vitamins and supplements.
  • Don’t take drugs during pregnancy. Ask your doctor before you take any medication. This is especially true for some anti-seizure drugs.
  • Avoid alcohol. Say “no” to that glass of wine — and any kind of alcoholic beverage — while you’re pregnant.
  • Seek treatment for existing health conditions. If you’ve been diagnosed with celiac disease or PKU, follow your doctor’s advice for keeping them under control.
  • Get vaccinated. Make sure you get the German measles (rubella) vaccine before you get pregnant. It can prevent rubella-associated autism.

Related Condition to Autism

Most autistic condition are often diagnosed with other conditions and this varies in children.

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) : They have difficulty with both inattentiveness and hyperactivity-impulsivity.

Down’s Syndrome: a lifelong condition where there is a delay in learning and development.

Dyslexia: difficulty in learning,  reading, and writing.  For more information click

Dysprexia: This has to do with the way the brain process information, it affects the planning of what to do, how to do it and is associated with problems of perception, thought and language

Epilepsy: A condition in which a person has a tendency of frequent seizures that start in the brain.

Fragile X Syndrome is an inherited learning disability. For more information

Hyperlexia: is characterized by an intended fascination with letters and numbers.  It’s also seen what a young person has an ability to read beyond their age.

Mental Health: They are prone to have Anxiety Disorders: due to overload, they tend to be frequently stressed,  frustrated
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: This may be missed due to the repetitive thought and behaviour they frequently have.

In Summary

Autism is not a dead sentences, it’s not curable and the good new is not a disease also. With prompt diagnosis, love and care and the use of visual support, another autistic genius is born.

Question Of the Day?

Have you watceh “The God Doctor”?
What was your greayes take home with Autism?

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