I was invited to a radio program to talk about the role of parents and teachers in a dyslexic child. While on the radio radio show, we recieved lots of calls from various callers with questions.
If you know me to well, you know I love sharing information with you to help you live fuly and healthier. So i decided to share this information with my audience. Share this to your friends.
What is Dyslexia
Dyslexia is a reading disorder characterized by trouble with reading despite normal intelligence.
Traits of A Dyslexic Child
- Difficulty in spelling words
- Slow reading skill
- Difficulty in pronouncing words when reading aloud
- Child finds it difficult to understand differents sounds
- Child appears to be forgetting things.
It varies from mild to moderate to severe
More common in boys than girls
Causes Of Dyslexia
The major cause is unknown. It is noticed that there is impairment in the brain’s ability to process phoneme (smallest unit of speech that makes words different from each other)
- Genetics : It usually hereditary
- Trauma affecting the part of the brain related to speech processing.
- Maternal Factor like
- Mother who give birth at 35-45 years
- Consumption of alcohol, nicotine, cocaine during pregnancy may cause it too.
Signs & Symptoms
- Delayed language development.
- Difficulty recognising the difference between similar sounds.
- Slow learning of new vocabulary words.
- Difficulty copying from the board or a book.
- Difficulty with learning, reading, writing and spelling.
- Difficulty in remembering things in content from videos.
- Difficulty in writing with left or right hand.
- Child find it difficult to understand what he hears.
- Child may not remember more than one command given at a time.
- When asked to repeat a sentence part of the sentence or words may be missed and it can sound funny.
Child also has social problems
- Frequently withdrawn.
- Find it difficult to understand idioms.
- Have poor self esteem.
- May begin to want to skip classes.
What is the way Forward
Dyslexia doesn’t mean that a child is not intelligence or is mentally retarded.
Never write them off. They need support and care more than that of normal children.
Once they receive adequate support and care, a dyslexic child can be another genius born
Diagnosing dyslexia is often done in 5 area by a psychologist and a paediatrician.
Teachers and Parents can pick the traits.
Treatment is aimed at strengthened their weakness and maximizing their area of strength.
Once diagnose it is not curable but one can live a normal live with prompt intervention
Teachers Roles In Intervention
Teachers spend more time with the child and they have solid role in treating a dyslexic child.
So they should understand the problem as well as create an atmosphere conducive to learning for all pupils
Some tips to help the Dyslexic Child in Class.
- Break the lecture into outline
- Have a recap of previous lectures.
- When writing on the board ensure an eligible writing.
- Leave the writing on the board long enough so they can copy.
- Use different colour marker/chalk.
- Make reading fun and easy but never make fun of the children when they are reading.
- Give them a book to read personally before asking them to read out loud or in front of the class.
- Link words to picture for ease like
- Allow the children to study their writing and find faults themselves and how they can improve it.
- Use a small references chart around the classroom (learning alphabet to remind them of the letter.
- Have letters toy and words for children to play with.
- Avoid the frequent use of red inks on their books as it brings down their ability to try again.
- Don’t mock or make fun of them when they make mistake.
- Don’t use foul language on them or “lazy” “down” “silly”.
- Recognise that every thought or task they perform usually takes longer to process, so they are tired easily.
Parents Role In Intervention
- Be very encouraging and supportive.
- Alleviate emotional stress on them
- Continuously affirm them, praise them ( “You worked” “You did well” wow that’ “really great”)
- Believe in them and let your action show you do.
- Never compare their school work with another’s child (either normal or alexic)
- Don’t get angry when they forget their lunch box or home work.
- At the beginning of a school year meet your child’s teacher and discuss modalities
- Set routines, provide checklist
- Colour code their time table so that they can find it easily.
A dyslexic child may have good visual and artistic abilities.
Question for Today?
How did you handle your experience with a dyslexic child?